Heatwaves and Climate Change
The dangers posed by extreme heat have been dramatically illustrated in recent years. During the heatwave in Victoria in January–February 2009 there were an estimated 374 excess deaths due to heat and 173 fatalities caused by subsequent bushfires. The Government’s 2013 State of Australian Cities report predicts that heatwave-related deaths in Australian cities will more than double in the next 40 years. Such events will place significant strain on an already stressed healthcare system with ambulance callouts and emergency department visits rising sharply on very hot days. Read more at..
CHP Publications in this area include:
Herold N, L Alexander, D Green, M Donat (2017) Greater increases in temperature extremes in low versus high income countries. Environmental Research Letters 12 (3).
Gross M, L Alexander, I Macadam, D Green, J Evans (2017) The representation of health‐relevant heatwave characteristics in a Regional Climate Model ensemble for New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, Australia. International Journal of Climatology 37 (3).
Ji, F., J.P. Evans, A. Di Luca, N. Jiang, R. Olson, L. Fita, D. Argüeso, L. T-C Chang, Y. Scorgie, M. Riley (2018) Projected Change in Characteristics of Near Surface Temperature Inversions for Southeast Australia. Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-018-4214-3.
Xu Z, Guo Y, Fitzgerald G, Jalaludin B, Tong S. Impact of heatwave on mortality under different heatwave definitions: a systematic review and meta-analysis Environment International 2016;89-90:193-203.
Gongbo Chen, Yongming Zhang, Wenyi Zhang, Shanshan Li, Gail Williams, Guy B. Marks, Bin Jalaludin, Michael J. Abramson, Jiangtao Lin, Yuming Guo. Attributable risks of emergency hospital visits due to air pollutants in China: a multi-city study. Environmental Pollution 2017;228:43-49
Perkins-Kirkpatrick S & P Gibson (2017) Changes in regional heatwave characteristics as a function of increasing global temperature. Scientific Reports 7 (12256)
Schaffer A, D Muscatello, R Broome, S Corbett and W Smith (2010) Emergency department visits, ambulance calls, and mortality associated with an exceptional heat wave in Sydney, Australia, 2011: a time-series analysis. Environmental Health 11:3
Sherwood, S. C. and M. Huber, An adaptability limit to global warming due to heat stress, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 107, 2010, 9552-9555, doi:10.107/pnas.0913352107